If you don’t know your Milia from your Lipoma – check out this video from Dr. Sandra Lee (aka Dr. Pimple Popper), where you can learn to distinguish the difference.

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1) Epidermoid Cyst

An epidermoid cyst is a benign cyst usually found on the skin. The cyst develops out of the ectodermal tissue. Histologically, it is made of a thin layer of squamous epithelium. They are most often found on the face, neck, upper back, and upper chest, but can occur on other sites of the body as well. Usually, a sebaceous cyst grows very slowly and doesn’t cause pain. However, they can become inflamed or infected, with the overlying skin becoming red, tender, and sore.

2) Milia

A milium (plural milia), also called a milk spot or an oilseed is a clog of the eccrine sweat gland. It is a keratin-filled cyst that can appear just under the epidermis or on the roof of the mouth. Milia are commonly associated with newborn babies but can appear on people of all ages. They are usually found around the nose and eyes, and sometimes on the genitalia, often mistaken by those affected as warts or other sexually transmitted diseases. Milia can also be confused with stubborn whiteheads. In children, milia often disappear within two to four weeks. For adults, they can be removed by a physician (a dermatologist will have specialist knowledge in this area).

3) Whitehead

A familiar term for what is medically called a closed comedo. A comedo, the primary sign of acne, consists of a dilated (widened) hair follicle filled with keratin squamae (skin debris), bacteria, and sebum (oil). A whitehead is a comedo that has an obstructed opening to the skin. A closed comedo may rupture and cause a low-grade skin inflammatory reaction in the area.

4) Lipoma

lipoma is a growth of fat cells in a thin, fibrous capsule usually found just below the skin. Lipomas aren’t cancer and don’t turn into cancer. They are found most often on the torso, neck, upper thighs, upper arms, and armpits, but they can occur almost anywhere in the body.

5) Pilar Cyst

Pilar cysts are flesh-colored bumps that can develop on the surface of the skin. They’re sometimes called trichilemmal cysts or wens. These are benign cysts, meaning they typically aren’t cancerous. Although pilar cysts aren’t necessarily a cause for concern, you may find them uncomfortable.

6) Steatocystoma

Steatocystoma multiplex, also known as epidermal polycystic disease and sebocystomatosis, is a benign, autosomal dominant congenital condition resulting in multiple cysts on a person’s body. It is associated with defects in Keratin 17. The condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. This indicates that the defective gene responsible for a disorder is located on an autosome, and only one copy of the defective gene is sufficient to cause the disorder when inherited from a parent who has the disorder. However, a solitary case can also emerge in a family with no prior history of the disorder due to the occurrence of a new mutation (often referred to as a sporadic or spontaneous mutation).

7) DPow

A Dilated Pore of Winer is essentially a large, solitary open comedone/blackhead. Dead skin cells get trapped and help widen this pore and plugs up the opening. The expression of this plug squeezes out the macerated, white, soggy keratin/skin cells from the deeper portion of the pore. Once the content of the dilated pore is expressed, this whole process of the dilated pore filling once again with keratin is common. They are completely benign and are usually expressed for cosmetic reasons. A comedone extractor can be used to do this.

8) Blackhead

Blackheads are small, dark lesions that appear on the skin, often on the face and neck. They are a feature of mild acne, but they can appear without other signs of acne being present. They contain an oxidized version of melanin, the dark pigment made by cells in the skin.

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